Newquay is a small English town on the northern coast of the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy of Cornwall is rather well known for its picturesque fishing villages and headlands and wild, romantic steep cliffs. When the railway connection was built during the second half of the 19th century, the former fishing village of Newquay became a popular summer holiday destination. Today summer visitors are still attracted to Newquay because of its beautiful sandy beaches, mild temperatures and wild, romantic coastline. Many of the shops in "Britain's surfing capital" have become specialists in the sale and rental of surfing equipment. On Fistral Beach there are even international competitions, but the other beaches also offer ideal surfing conditions. Interesting for sightseers is Newquay are the Blue Reef Aquarium, Trenance Gardens, which opened in 1906, and Trerice, an Elizabethan manor house that belongs to the National Trust.