The Romanian city of Sibiu (German: Hermannstadt) was founded in the 12th century by German settlers. 20,000 Transylvanian Saxons were still living in the city in 1990. Now they make up just 1.6 percent of the city`s 170,000 residents. On the medieval market square, the residents can often still be seen wearing their original regional clothing. In 2007, Sibiu was a European cultural capital. In addition to many medieval buildings and churches, visitors can admire numerous magnificent Baroque structures. And the three city walls erected to counter the threat of invading Turks can still be seen in some places.
The landscape in Transylvania is one of the most scenic in Romania, with excellent hiking and winter sports options. The Romania mineral springs have been famous since Roman times for their healing properties. Transylvania was also home to Count Dracula. Bran Castle, his high fortress, consists of thick walls and peaked towers from which visitors have a fantastic view of the surrounding landscape.