The capital of Latvia is one of the most beautiful in the Baltic area. The old town of this city, once a member of Hanseatic League, is completely protected by historical conservation legislation. Together with the grand Art Nouveau buildings, it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. On warm summer days on the magnificent boulevards of this Baltic metropolis, the mood is almost Mediterranean. A tremendous variety of architectural styles can be found in Riga. For example, the Riga Cathedral features elements from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical periods. The former palace of Peter the Great near the cathedral also includes elements from various eras. From the palace tower visitors have a fantastic view of the city. Built in the 13th century, St. Peter's Church and its 140 meter tower is also worth a visit as is the former residence of the German Livonian Order of "warrior monks". The palace includes the oldest gate to the city of Riga, the Swedish Gate. Craftsmen once met in the building of the Small Guild; businessmen met in the Great Guild. The medieval townhouses and storehouses in the old town are among the city's other architectural jewels. In addition to the tower of St. Peter's Church, another landmark in Riga is the Freedom Monument. The figure of a woman standing on a 19 meter obelisk lifts three stars to the sky. These symbolize the three Latvian provinces.